Stonehenge, like other archaeological discoveries, has revealed the secrets of Britain since 2500 BC. It has lived, died, served and told us what life was like for our ancient ancestors.
The first thing this great stone circle tells us is that life in prehistoric Britain was pretty good, at least for a while. Located on the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, Stonehenge is one of the oldest man-made standing stone circles in the world and the first of its kind.
It took over 1,000 years to build in four long phases, and archaeologists believe the final changes were made between 1,500 BC and the early Bronze Age. Work on the super stone circle began around the same time as the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, around 2,500 BC.
If you visit Stonehenge today, you will see the huge stones that still stand heavily in a circular arrangement. The construction of this great monument began 5,000 years ago, and the famous stones that still stand today were laid about 4,500 years ago.
It is almost indisputable that Stonehenge was built as a spectacular place of worship and attracts over 800,000 visitors a year. The stones coincide almost perfectly with the summer solstice sunrise, so that several thousand people watch this sunrise from the ancient mystical site.
Historians believe that the unknown builders of Stonehenge painstakingly developed a surprisingly complex and state-of-the-art system to hew and place the giant stones. They suspect that it was not finished all at once and possibly dates back to the Stone Age. Perhaps as early as around the year 8000BC, the entire surrounding area was a place of ongoing prehistoric building activity and fascination. Although the beliefs of its builders preceded any known religion, it became a sacred place of worship for the neopaths who identified as druids.
This remarkable ingenuity has even led some whimsical theorists to wonder whether the monument was actually built by one of Britain’s most famous architects, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Stonehenge is the largest stone monument in the world and the second largest in Europe after the Great Pyramid of Giza.
We do not know much about the builders, why they built it or even how they did it, apart from the fact that it is one of the oldest monuments in the world.
We have a lot of archaeological evidence and theories, but as it turns out, Aubrey Berl is one of the world’s leading experts on the history of Stonehenge and its builders. The ancient rock column with the most famous archaeological monument in England stands in the heart of the Salisbury Plain. Like their Egyptian contemporaries, the Neolithic builders of Stonehege neglected to leave writings explaining why they built a heap of stones on the Salbury plain, according to a new study by the Oxford University Archaeological Institute.
Although the builders of Stonehenge have long since disappeared in the fog of time, some people are still preoccupied with theories as to why the ancient people built Stonehenge. Medieval Britain, for example, thought that the massive blocks could only be moved by magic, and the theorists of the History Channel have suggested that the monument is a man-made monument built with the help of extraterrestrials. No one knows how or why these structures were built, but it seems that they were arranged in such a way that Stonehege sees both midsummer sunrises and midsummer sunsets.
Stonehenge is part of a larger sacred landscape that includes the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Temple of Osiris and the Tower of London.
As far as scientists know, the Salisbury Plain itself was considered sacred even before Stonehenge was built, and archaeologists have also found evidence of a road that may have led there. It is 500 years since the monument was erected, around 2500 BC, but one theory suggests that it was used as a ceremonial site to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ, the patron saint of England.
Charred remains were excavated from a hole known as Aubrey Holes that once housed small standing stones. Carbon – the dating of the remains suggests that they were burned elsewhere and transported to Stonehenge for burial. Around 2500 BC, the people who used it stopped burying remains and began burying human remains in ditches on the periphery, indicating a shift in cultural significance in Stonehensge. They buried them in stone circles and around the stone circle itself and then in a ditch on its periphery.
Archaeologists have found the remains of human remains in what is now the parking lot of Stonehenge, as well as a number of graves around the county.
We know very little about how long the site of Stonehenge was sacred before the Cursus was built. This means that most archaeologists consider sacred continuity between the two inherently unlikely.